Bleeding Gums – What are they?
Bleeding gums can be the sign/symptoms of gum disease even though it may also be the cause of other health problems. Occasional bleeding of gums can be due to brushing your teeth vigorously and it may be due to wearing dentures that do not fit correctly.
Ongoing bleeding of gums may the cause of plaque buildup on the teeth that can be a sign of a serious medical condition such as Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and Periodontitis. If you notice bleeding gums, you need to take action by visiting a dental clinic likeDentx Dental Care & Pediatric Centrefor an immediate check-up of your gums to prevent the progression to a more advanced form of gum disease.
Causes of Bleeding Gums
The most common causes of bleeding gums include-
Gingivitis or inflammation of gums is one of the most common causes of bleeding gums. In most cases, people develop gingivitis when plaque stays on gum lines for too long due to improper brushing and flossing. If plaque (bacteria and debris) is not removed, it can harden into tartar (calculus) that can result in the accumulation of plaque near your gums causing gingivitis that will increase gum bleeding.
Periodontal disease or Periodontitis can occur when gingivitis has become advanced. It can cause tooth and bone loss. It may also result in patients experiencing painful abscesses, drifting of the teeth that may interfere with the chewing, and may cause your teeth to loosen or fall out.
- Vitamin deficiencies
Vitamin deficiencies such as lack of vitamin C and vitamin K can result in bleeding of gums. Therefore, it is important to follow or consume a diet that is rich in both these vitamins/nutrients. Some of the foods rich in vitamin C include – tomatoes, potatoes, citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli and those foods rich in vitamin K include – soybeans, canola oil, spinach, lettuce, radish, etc.
The other causes of bleeding gums include wearing dentures that fit too tightly resulting in bleeding gums. It is important to talk to your dentist or orthodontist at Dentx Dental Care & Pediatric Centrein case dentures or other oral appliances are the root cause of your bleeding gums.
In some cases, bleeding gums may be due to pregnancy when hormonal changes occur resulting in the gums becoming more sensitive. For people with disorders like hemophilia and leukemia can also increase the risk of bleeding gums. Some prescription medications or drugs such as aspirin, heparin, and warfarin can also increase your risk of bleeding gums.
Treatment of bleeding gums
The first step in managing bleeding gums begins with maintaining good dental hygiene. As such, it is important to visit your dentist at Dentx Dental Care & Pediatric Centre twice a year for professional cleaning of your gums and teeth.
Your dentist will show you how to use an antiseptic mouthwash to minimize plaque that forms on your gums/teeth. The dentist may also prescribe you formulated toothpaste that helps reverse early signs of gum disease that may result in bleeding gums. Using a soft toothbrush can help you in cleaning your gum line with ease without any bleeding of gums.